A new bill has been introduced in Australia's Federal Parliament to help State and Territory Governments combat terrorism.
Dubbed "Call Out of the Australian Defence Force", the Defence Amendment Bill 2018 is designed to make it easier for the states and territories to seek assistance from the Australian Defence Force (ADF) to respond to terrorist and other violent incidents. The Federal Government said in a statement that police remain the best first response to terrorist and other incidents, and states and territories will continue to have primary responsibility for protecting life and property in their jurisdictions.
The Bill will amend Part IIIAAA of the Defence Act 1903 to:
- make it simpler for states and territories to request ADF support in the event of a terrorist or other violent incidents, such as geographically dispersed or otherwise widespread, coordinated acts of violence;
- allow the ADF to be pre-authorised to respond to threats on land, at sea and in the air;
- simplify, expand and clarify the ADF's powers to search, seize, and control movement at the scene of a terrorist incident; and
- strengthen the ability of the ADF to respond to incidents occurring in more than one jurisdiction.
A government announcement said that the amendments "give effect to recommendations of the Defence Counter-Terrorism Review, announced by the Prime Minister in July 2017".
Attorney-General Christian Porter said amendments to the ADF call-out powers are the most significant changes since the provisions were enacted in 2000, in the lead up to the Sydney Olympics.
"The terror threat we face today is greater and more complex than that we faced when these laws were introduced almost 20 years ago," Minister Porter said. "The Government is committed to ensuring that law enforcement agencies around Australia can easily request ADF assistance to respond to these threats where necessary and are available to states and territories to assist with other major incidents, such as geographically dispersed or otherwise widespread, coordinated acts of violence or other domestic incidents that threaten the security and lives of Australians."
Minister for Defence Marise Payne said the reforms are part of a suite of measures being rolled out to enhance Defence's support to national counter-terrorism arrangements.
"Defence has already strengthened the practical support it provides to state and territory police since the outcomes of the review were announced in July last year," Minister Payne said.
"This includes the establishment of an enhanced ADF counter-terrorism liaison network with state and territory police, a broadened program of specialist training and streamlined police access to Defence facilities, such as rifle ranges."
Defence has also expanded the capacity and capability of supporting ADF teams on call to assist police to respond to domestic security incidents and threats when requested by the states and territories.
"These reforms will ensure Defence is more flexible and agile in the way it supports states and territories," Minister Payne said. ##